How to Incorporate Stair Treads with Your Decking?

Learn how to design deck stairs with the best materials for safety and aesthetics. Explore non-slip decking solutions and expert tips for a flawless finish.

In every construction project, whether commercial or residential, stairs are a vital component. In the process of creating stairs, both accurate engineering calculations for measurement procedure, and the right material are equally important. One of the most critical elements is tread. Also, creating safe transition between different level of deck stairs is as essential as functionality and aesthetics. Among the various materials available in market, non-slip decking is recommended by our experts at Gripsure due to its many advantages.

In this blog post, we will discuss the reasons behind our suggestions and enable you to choose the best materials for stair treads. Additionally, we will explain the most important factors in deck stairs design.

What Are the Best Materials for Stair Treads?

Choosing the right material for stair treads can be challenging for customers. Finding the real needs and suitable product can save time and avoid extra expenses. Professionals offer three factors including, durability, aesthetics and safety to analyse them.

Here are some top options with their advantages and disadvantages to help you make an informed decision for projects:


Hardwood is a primary choice for most people because of its timeless appeal and robustness. In high traffic areas, there are many benefits from wood species like oak, maple and cherry as they are renowned for their strength and durability. They can be stained in a variety of colours to match any interior design.

Although, hardwoods are beautiful, popular and highly durable they can be more expensive. Apart from the price, susceptibility to moisture and its potential for noise are other elements to consider. In environments with fluctuating humidity levels, due to its tendency to warp or crack when wet, hardwood could be less suitable. Also, when walking on hardwood, you may hear creaking or squeaking sounds, which can be disruptive, especially in quiet place.

Pressure-Treated Wood

It is an affordable material and is treated to resist rot and insects. This product is widely available and easy to find. It is simple to cut or shape and can be installed using standard tools. However, it requires regular maintenance such as sealing, staining or painting. In terms of aesthetics, pressure-treated wood may not be beautiful as hardwood.

How to Design Decking Stairs

It is important to plan deck stairs carefully to ensure their safety. Here is how to do it:

  1. The height should be measured: In the first stage, measure vertically from the ground to the deck surface. To know how many steps you will need; you must calculate the rise. After that, dividing the rise by desired riser (typically 6-8 inches), sometimes you should adjust slightly.
  2. Measure the treads and risers: It is recommended to have a tread depth of 10-12 inches. In this way, a secure footing can be achieved. Then you should formulate treads and risers for a comfortable step.
  3. The layout should be planned: To provide ample space, residential stairs should be at least 36 inches wide. It is even more comfortable to use wider stairs (such as, up to 48 inches). And at the bottom of the stairs, ensure there is sufficient landing space. For stair angle, the ideal size is between 30 and 45 degrees.
  4. Stringers should be installed: The stringers are the structural supports for the stairs. At first, make sure the stringers are cut. Stringers should be spaced 16-24 inches apart to provide adequate support. Metal hangers or brackets should be used to secure to stringers to the deck frame. At the bottom, make sure they are firmly placed on the ground or a concrete pad.
  5. Treads and risers should be attached: In this step, attach treads to stringers with screws or nails. You can use two fasteners per stringer to prevent wobbling. If you are using risers, attach them to the vertical faces of the stringers between the treads. It can improve the appearance and add stability. After that, choose non-slip materials or add non-slip strips to enhance safety. In wet or icy conditions, this is especially important.
  6. The final touches: Ensure that everything is securely fastened and double check all measurements.  For safety, railings should be added. It is important to adjust them to a comfortable height (for example, 34-38 inches). Then, for nighttime visibility, install lighting along the stairs.

Following these detailed steps will allow you to design and build deck stairs that are both safe and functional.

Ensuring Safety with Railings and Maintenance

Building deck stairs requires a high level of safety. Specialists in this field suggest several tips to improve safety. To start, the installation of sturdy railings is essential for preventing falls. As mentioned, it is important to ensure that they are at a comfortable height and securely fastened. Using non-slip surfaces is another key tip, to avoid accidents in wet and icy conditions, this is especially important when installing treads. Slips and falls are significantly reduced with non-slip decking. Regular maintenance is vital for both safety and functionality check your stairs regularly for loose boards, nails and screws. Regarding lighting, in low-light conditions, proper lighting on and around stairs can be useful. For energy efficiency, solar powered lights are a good choice.

Case Study: The Story Museum Project

The Story Museum in Oxford has well-designed deck stairs. Both the deck and stairs were constructed with non-slip composite decking. The non-slip decking provides maximum safety and blends well with the design. Additionally, the space was enhanced with sturdy railings and proper lighting. This project illustrates how thoughtful material selection and design can make an outdoor area both practical and attractive.

With these guidelines and the right materials, such as non-slip options, you can build deck stairs that are safe, durable and visually appealing. The key to a successful deck improvement is careful planning and attention to details.

Gripsure non-slip decking offers the highest safety ratings and beautiful designs that match any aesthetic. For more information about our products contact us today!

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